Borneo Is The Third-Largest Island In The World
Kalimantan (Borneo) is the third-largest island in the world. Three countries share Borneo: Indonesia, Brunei, and Malaysia.
Borneo is home to the world’s most dense and remote rainforests, as well as about 12 million people, 75 percent of whom live in Indonesia’s Kalimantan (KAH-lee-MAHN-tahn) region. Given the harsh nature of Kalimantan’s interior and lowlands, most settlements are along the rivers and coasts. Indonesia governs the southern two-thirds of Borneo, while
Malaysia and Brunei control smaller northern and western sections. Indonesia calls its region Kalimantan, which is divided into four provinces:
♦ Central Kalimantan, with the capital of Palangkaraya
♦ East Kalimantan, with the capital of Samarinda
♦ South Kalimantan, with the capital of Banjarmasin
♦ West Kalimantan, with the capital of Pontianak
Kalimantan is Indonesia’s second-largest province. It generates a substantial amount of wealth for the country because of its vast natural resources, including timber and gold. Its extensive oil reserves are now a key part of Indonesia’s economy, and diamonds, rare woods, rattan, and resin also are harvested from the island’s interior.